Despite the warning, campaigns of popularization of scientific information on the potential prejudice that bring to health and public health policy, little has changed in composition of snacks, internationally known as fast-food, and its contribution to the low food quality of the population.
The main causes of early death and chronic inflammatory diseases are associated with obesity and poor quality feed. An excess intake of energy, sodium (salt), saturated fat, trans fat and sugar are directly linked to these situations of threat to health. In the last 40 years the popularization of “eating out”, especially with the huge expansion of major international fast-food chains, has collaborated decisively to this super-ingestão of low nutritional quality. Fast food’s participation in total energy intake by Americans during the period of 1977 to 2010 has nearly doubled.
A survey recently published in the scientific journal Preventing Chronic Disease suggests a picture nothing exciting about the improvement of the quality of food fast-food type. The study collected data from nutritional food of 3 major American fast-food chains in the 1996 period to 2013. The data analyzed were energy, sodium, saturated fat and trans fats in French fries, burgers, grilled chicken sandwich and regular cola soda. 2013 year data show that the energy content of a cheeseburger contributes 65% to 80% of the total recommended calories for one day, with 63% to 91% of the daily recommendation for sodium.
If consumed in isolation with the meal the food item may be less harmful than when foods are combined (in “combo”). When eating a meal of a sandwich with fries and a soda, salt consumption only in this meal, you can reach 139 percent of the recommended amount per day. These effects can be even more severe in children, as well as the harmfulness of this type of feeding itself, the frequent consumption of foods like fast food undermine healthy eating education that we give to our children.
This survey reinforces the notion that avoid eating outside, particularly fast-food type food, is the first major step towards a food change that promotes health and increases the quality of life.